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India’s falling levels of military expenditure have paid off, stands on 136th rank in Global Peace Index

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NWNS: Government efforts to tackle violent crime have paid off with an improved score, and falling levels of military expenditure, particularly on weapons imports, resulted in a slight improvement in its Militarisation score, says GPI, in which India has escalated one rank since last year.

GPI report 2018 mentions that south Asia experienced the largest regional improvement in peacefulness, with Bhutan, Sri Lanka, India, and Nepal all improving. Strengthening scores on the Political Terror Scale, refugees and IDPs and terrorism impact were only partially offset by a deterioration in external conflicts fought after a border dispute with China flared in the Doklam Pass. The three-month standoff also involved India, which sent troops to the area.

The GPI report states that, India, the region’s most populous country, recorded a slightly improved overall score. Government efforts to tackle violent crime have paid off with an improved score, and falling levels of military expenditure, particularly on weapons imports, resulted in a slight improvement in its Militarisation score.

However, the concentration of power in the office of Prime Minister Narendra Modi led to a deterioration in India’s score for political instability, and the country’s scores on the Political Terror Scale and internal conflicts fought, at 4 and 4.7 respectively, remain elevated. Data on the nuclear ability of the US and Russia is precisely documented under international agreements.

For other countries the data is estimated, with the notable exception of North Korea. Following the signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1970 by the US, Russia, France, the UK and China, three more states successfully detonated nuclear weapons – India, Pakistan and North Korea – and did not sign on to the NPT or have withdrawn since signing.

GPI measures the relative position of nations’ and regions’ peacefulness. The GPI ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their levels of peacefulness. The GPI is a report produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and developed in consultation with an international panel of peace experts from peace institutes and think tanks with data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit. The Index was first launched in May 2007, with subsequent reports being released annually. 

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